Mustahab – Desirable Acts: a. An act that is appreciated by the Sacred Islamic Law (Shari’ah) b. There is no harm if one omits it c. One gains reward for doing it, but one is not punished for omitting it. » Mubah: a. An act that is neither commanded nor prohibited by the Shari’ah. b. There is no reward for doing it, and no punishment or omitting it. » Haram – Unlawful: a. Totally forbidden in Islam. b. Proven by rigorously authenticated texts. c. Anyone who denies something proven from the Qur’an and Hadith to be Haram, becomes a kafir. d. If this act is committed deliberately and intentionally, even once, then such a person is a transgressor (fasiq), and has committed a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). Thus, such a person shall be punished. e. To refrain from such acts is rewarded. f. Haram is considered the opposite of Fard. Makruh-e-Tehrimi: “Makruh” generally means something that is not desirable i.e. something that is disliked by the Islamic Law. a. Makruh-e-Tehrimi is something that is essential to refrain from. b. To do an act that is Makruh-e-Tehrimi is a sin and against the commands of the Shari’ah. c. Anyone who does it is a Fasiq, and will be punished. d. There is reward to refrain from such acts. e. If such acts are done once, then they are not classed as a major sin. However, to persevere on such acts does turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). f. It is considered the opposite of a Wajib. » Isa’at: a. An act that is necessary to avoid. b. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah. » Makruh-e-Tanzihi: a. An act that is disliked by the Shari’ah. b. If this act is done, then there is no sin or punishment. However, it is bad to make it a habit of doing such an act. c. One gains reward for not doing it. d. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah. » Khilaf-e-Awla: It is best to avoid such acts, but if done then there is no sin or punishment. It is considered the opposite of Mustahab.
Saturday, August 31, 2013
Friday, August 30, 2013
WHO SHOULD MAKE QURBANI? It is Waajib for every Muslim male and Muslim female who:- has attained puberty (Baaligh) is of sound mind (not insane) possesses Nisaab for that moment in time, not necessarily for one Islamic calendar year (Nisaab is the value of excess wealth which makes a Muslim liable for Zakaah i.e. The possession of, or equivalent capital value of seven and half tolas gold (+ -3 ounces) or fifty two tolas of silver (+ - 20 ounces) To make sacrifice in the Name of Allah It is Waajib according to Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa (radi Allahu anhu) and Sunnat-e-Mu'akidda according to other Imams for Muslims to make Qurbani. It is Waajib only for each Muslim male and female to make Qurbani for himself or herself; and not Waajib for him or her to make Qurbani for any other member of his or her family. It is only his or her duty to guide or instruct them to make Qurbani if they meet with the conditions of item in 1. above. In the same manner as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr, Qurbani is a Waajib obligation for Muslims every year on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha. It is not a once in a life-time duty. It is permissible to make Qurbani in the name of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and his Ummah or any other deceased Muslim as a Nafil Qurbani on condition that the person making the Nafil Qurbani has discharged his obligation in his own Waajib Qurbani first. It is not Waajib or necessary for the following people to make Qurbani:- one who has not attained puberty (not Baaligh) even if he or she possesses Nisaab. A traveller (who is not yet Muqeem). One who does not possess Nisaab during that specific period in time. On who may be in possession of Nisaab bit has turned insane. Any Muslim male or female who is not liable for Qurbani but purchases an animal for Qurbani for the sake of Almighty Allah, then the Qurbani becomes Waajib for him. Qurbani cannot be undertaken on behalf of another person upon who Qurbani is Waajib, without his or her prior consent.